3 December, 2022

The ‘Invisible Government’

by | 1 July, 2021 | 7 comments


By Tyler McKenzie

Have you heard of Edward Bernays? He was the nephew of Sigmund Freud and was referred to as “the father of public relations.” Bernays took his uncle’s understanding of psychology and used it to manipulate people. Do a Google search of his accomplishments. Bernays got Calvin Coolidge reelected. He engineered the overthrow of the Guatemalan government. He persuaded women that smoking in public was chic. He made us believe disposable cups were the only sanitary drinking vessels. He convinced us bacon and eggs were breakfast foods. He was good at what he did.

In 1928, in his celebrated book called Propaganda, he wrote,

The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. . . . We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society. . . . In almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of persons . . . who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind.

Bernays believed that behind all the brands and political campaigns, there was an “invisible government” shaping our minds and winning our loyalties. I believe he was right then, and that he is still right. Today, almost 100 years later, I find the manipulation capabilities of this “invisible government” chilling and terrifying.

How Much Access Are We Willing to Surrender?

Before the “invisible government”—or IG—begins to form us, they get to know us. Literally, they research us using “surveillance technology” (a term coined by former Harvard professor Shoshana Zuboff). We welcome these technologies into our lives because they make life easier or provide entertainment. We purchase these technologies (they aren’t forced on us), and in a very short time, we can’t live without them! All the while the IG is gathering detailed personal data, building a profile of us, and then analyzing it with sophisticated algorithms to pitch us goods or change our minds.

I recently read a book that challenged me to consider how much access technology has into our lives. Consider a typical day in your life.

  • You wake up and turn off the alarm on your phone. (Don’t underestimate the formative power of your phone being the first thing you touch every day.)
  • You get on social media. Everything you post, like, read, or click is recorded and analyzed.
  • You work out and technology uploads your vitals to the app.
  • You check e-mail. Google scans everything you write on Gmail for key words to direct advertising to you.
  • You browse sites or blogs. As you read, the cookies you accept (and they ain’t chocolate chip) report information about you.
  • As you drive to work, sensors in your car record your driving habits.
  • As you travel, apps with location services track you and send geo-targeted ads.
  • All the requests you make of Siri? These are recorded and monetized.
  • The conversations you have at home? Alexa records and monetizes them.
  • When you buy with credit? Recorded and monetized.
  • All your smart devices (fridge, TV, security system)? They’re recording and monetizing your life.

With this information, the “invisible government” gets to know us better than we know ourselves. The IG then uses it to manipulate us with just the right ads, in just the right way, at just the right time, on just the right platforms. The seduction and persuasion are maximized, especially when combined with our swelling addiction to screens.

And that is how the IG comes to own us . . . and form us . . . and point our moral compasses, shape our cultural imaginations, and monopolize our attention. The IG decides what issues matter, creates our bogeymen, gives us our talking points, determines our tribes, and defines the “right side of history.” They even reshape Scripture and historic Christian faith. They disciple us.

At a college ministry I was working with recently, the leader spent several minutes complaining about how students don’t read their Bibles anymore. I couldn’t help but think those students are never going to open their Bibles until they find freedom from their phones.

Who Is Discipling Us?

Over the course of the pandemic, I was distraught to watch core people from my church become irate and irrational. Everything was politicized. Every word was analyzed for dog whistles. People assumed the worst. Fuses were short and people left the church over the smallest offenses. I had one person ask for a “refund on my offering.” That was a first. I had another complain our church had become “way too compassionate.” He didn’t mean it as compliment. More than once I was driven to my knees, praying, “How, God, did we lose the discipleship battle so quickly with them?”

This is how. The voices you listen to are the voices that disciple you. The “invisible government” has our attention, knows our personalities, and speaks persuasively. I don’t know how many times this year I’ve heard a pastor lament, “How am I supposed to compete when they give me 30 minutes twice a month, but their news anchor gets an hour every night?” Answer? You can’t. And in a nutshell, that’s the challenge of today.

So, what do we do? How do we create countercultural communities in a world that has the most sophisticated formation technology we’ve ever come up against? How do we win a battle against an enemy our people listen to more than us? How do we outmaneuver an enemy who knows our people better than we know them? I’d love to hear from you on this. Write us or comment below (if you’re reading this online). I believe it will take a plurality of spiritual formation strategies and the incessant drumbeat of preaching that brings awareness and conviction.

Tyler McKenzie serves as lead pastor at Northeast Christian Church in Louisville, Kentucky.

Tyler McKenzie

Tyler McKenzie serves as lead pastor at Northeast Christian Church in Louisville, Kentucky.


  1. Diane Mitchell

    This is spot on. I have no answer. However, knowing what’s happening is helpful.


    I pretty much read the whole Bible yearly (day by day) using a well-rounded diet I worked up years ago. I post on Facebook whatever sentence of God’s Word I read that day that seems to have the most punch for current needs. I believe my contacts largely read them and hopefully are helped by that to stay on track within Jesus.

  3. JIMMY

    The answer is not difficult; the application will be. The early church was noted for its compassion, care, and concern for each other. That was fostered by the time they spent together. One of the first descriptions of the church was of a group of people who met daily and shared time, fellowship, worship, and meals daily. Even those opposed would be quoted as saying,”Behold how they love one another.” Think about some of the meetings described—Paul spoke, went over til midnight, then revived Eutychus, broke bread, and they didn’t leave til morning. Understandably we would be challenged beyond our ability to get that kind of time commitment in this day. However, we do have more ways to communicate and stay in touch than have ever been available. The challenge is to find the ways to increase and maintain connection.

  4. Andrew Kaake

    I think this article is scratching the surface of a deep, deep issue facing the church. It goes beyond just the technological problem into the core premises that we, as a culture, have accepted. One major point: Christianity as a Sunday-morning activity is no longer sufficient, if it ever was.

    I believe the way forward involves nothing less than building distinctive, “thick” Christian communities. The way we approach every aspect of life must be shaped by the gospel, and as much of it as possible should be done in the company of fellow believers. This certainly involves countercultural strategies, such as seemingly extreme limitations on technology (no smartphones for kids, limited television, etc.) or homeschooling (more or less necessary depending on your local context).

    It’s not the last word on the subject, but Rod Dreher’s book “The Benedict Option” is an excellent read to cultivate your thinking on the problems and potential solutions.

  5. Herbert Pinney

    I am blessed with a small congregation that has over the month basically all been in attendance at about 95 percent. At 87 years-of-age, I write a fresh sermon for each Sunday. I print the sermon in my Sunday Epistle (program) that is eight to twenty pages in length each week. To make the Epistle reader-friendly, I include graphics, games and puzzles. I also include essays on important civic and Bible subjects. This way I extend my teaching for the full week. If someone misses a Sunday, or to prospects, we mail a copy. I fully intend to compete for their screen time.

  6. Adam

    Praying for the church. We’re trying to use screen limits, app limits, judgment free – “hey put your phone down,” and small things. It’s a toxic animal we’re dealing with. Thanks for bringing it to the forefront. Scary times.

  7. Chuck Long

    The IG is the counter-culture and the Church is intended to be “Thee” culture in which authentic life is discovered and lived out and by which we are meant to disciple all nations. Engage those venues with the Word of God at every opportunity as true apologeticists of the faith. Let the world know who and whose we are instead of disconnecting faith from living in but not of this world. Worked for Jesus so it should be good enough for us!

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This